Authors: Tacconi, L.; Cerutti, P.O.; Leipold, S.; Rodrigues, R.J.; Savaresi, A.; Phuc, T.; Xiaoxue, W.
A dictionary definition of the term illegal tells us that it means something â€śnot allowed by the lawâ€ť.1 According to the same dictionary, a law is â€śthe system of rules of a particular country, group or area of activityâ€ť. To further clarify the meaning of illegal, it is also useful to consider its synonyms, which include â€ścriminalâ€ť, â€śillegitimateâ€ť and â€śirregularâ€ť.2 The term â€ścriminal actâ€ť is often used interchangeably with the term â€śillegal actâ€ť. However, the former has a more markedly negative connotation, as it refers to an act that is sanctioned under criminal law. Furthermore, a crime may be carried out by someone whose activities are normally legal, such as a logging company, or by a criminal organization whose main goal is to carry out criminal acts, as discussed in Chapter 5. The term â€śirregularâ€ť, on the other hand, refers to â€śa behaviour or action not according to usual rules or what is expectedâ€ť 1. It may refer, for instance, to an action that deviates from a certain procedure specified in a voluntary code of conduct that does not have the status of law. Though not a synonym, the term â€śinformalâ€ť has also become quite prominent in recent discussions about illegality in the forest sector. It deserves some qualification to avoid conflation with the term â€śillegalâ€ť and it will be considered in the following section.
Series: IUFRO World Series no. 35
Publisher: Vienna, Austria, International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO)
Publication Year: 2016
Source: Daniela Kleinschmit, Stephanie Mansourian, Christoph Wildburger, Andre Purret (eds.) Illegal Logging and Related Timber Trade – Dimensions, Drivers, Impacts and Responses: A Global Scientific Rapid Response Assessment Report. 23-35, CIFOR’s library