China’s conversion of cropland to forest program: a systematic review of the environmental and socioeconomic effects

Background

Farming on sloping lands has historically led to forest loss and degradation in China, which coupled with unsustainable timber extraction activities, was deemed responsible for catastrophic flooding events in the late 1990s. These events led to the introduction of forest policies targeting ecological conservation and rural development in China, a process epitomized by the launch of the conversion of cropland to forest program (CCFP) in 1999. This systematic review responds to the question: What are the environmental and socioeconomic effects of China’s Conversion of Cropland to Forest Program after the first 15 years of implementation?

Author(s): Gutiérrez Rodríguez, L.; Hogarth, N.J.; Zhou, W.; Xie, Chen.; Zhang, Kun.; Putzel, L.

Year: 2016

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